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abstract

Importance of old bulls: leaders and followers in collective movements of all-male groups in African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana)

2020-09-03 - Exeter, United Kingdom. Connie R. B. Allen, Lauren J. N. Brent, Thatayaone Motsentwa, Michael N. Weiss & Darren P. Croft

By analysing leadership patterns of all-male African savannah elephant traveling groups along elephant pathways in Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, Botswana, we found that the oldest males were more likely to lead collective movements. Our results challenge the assumption that older male elephants are redundant in the population and raise concerns over the biased removal of old bulls that currently occurs in both legal trophy hunting and illegal poaching.


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abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wild Asian Elephants, Southern India

2017-02-22 - Trichur, India.

We tested 3 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in southern India and confirmed infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an obligate human pathogen, by PCR and genetic sequencing. Our results indicate that tuberculosis may be spilling over from humans (reverse zoonosis) and emerging in wild elephants.


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abstract

Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples.

2017-01-28 - , United States. Magnuson RJ1, Linke LM2, Isaza R3, Salman MD2.

Ninety-nine clinical trunk wash samples obtained from 33 elephants were utilized to validate three molecular extraction techniques followed by a polymerase chain reaction for detection of M. tuberculosis. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were estimated compared to culture. Kappa coefficients were determined between molecular results and various culture categories and serological test results.


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abstract

Hereditary Factor VII Deficiency in the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Caused by a F7 Missense Mutation.

2017-01-24 - Pennsylvania, United States. Lynch M1, McGrath K2, Raj K3, McLaren P4, Payne K5, McCoy R4, Giger U3.

A wild-caught, 41-yr-old male Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus ) without an apparent increased bleeding tendency was consistently found to have prolonged prothrombin times (PTs, mean = 55±35 s) compared to 17 other elephants (PT=10±2 s). This elephant´s partial thromboplastin times (PTT) fell within the normal range of the other elephants (12-30 s). A prolonged PT in the presence of a normal PTT suggests disruption of the extrinsic pathway via deficiency of coagulation factor VII (FV...


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abstract

How elephants beat cancer

2016-10-31 - New Haven, United States. Gaughran SJ, Pless E, Stearns SC. Yale University

Elephants have significantly reduced their risk of cancer by duplicating an important gene called TP53.


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abstract

Behavioral changes in female Asian elephants when given access to an outdoor yard overnight.

2016-04-29 - New York, United States. Powell DM, Vitale C.

A study was conducted at the Bronx Zoo to determine whether providing elephants with access to an outdoor corral at night had any significant effects on behavior, use of space, and use of a sand corral. Activity budgets for three female Asian elephants were compared when the subjects were housed indoors overnight and when they were given access to an outdoor yard overnight. Observations were recorded via infrared video cameras between the hours of 1900 and 0700 during the months of July-Septembe...


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abstract

Blood Compatibility Testing in Asian Elephants Using an Indirect Antiglobulin Technique to Improve Captive Breeding Success. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

2015-11-17 - Chiang Mai, Thailand. Pakkanut Bansiddhi, Preeyanat Vongchan, Achiraya Satityuenyong, Khajohnpat Boonprasert, Sittidet Mahasawangkul, Ronnachit Roongsri, Janine L. Brown and Chatchote Thitaram

The aim of this study was to examine blood compatibility in Asian elephants using the indirect antiglobulin technique, for use as a breeding management tool to reduce the risk of elephant fetal loss. Forty-four blood samples collected from 22 female and 22 male elephants were subjected to standard tube cross-matching tests and examined for macroscopic and microscopic agglutination reactions.


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abstract

First Fatality Associated with Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 5 in an Asian Elephant: Pathological Findings and Complete Viral Genome Sequence

2014-09-10 - , United States. Wilkie, Davison, Kerr, Stidworthy, Redrobe, Steinbach, Dastjerdi, Denk

Here, we report the pathological characteristics of the first fatality linked to EEHV5 infection, and describe the complete viral DNA sequence. Gross post-mortem and histological findings were indistinguishable from lethal cases previously attributed to other EEHV genotypes, and the presence of characteristic herpesviral inclusions in capillary endothelial cells at several sites was consistent with the diagnosis of acute EEHV infection.


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abstract

DETECTION OF ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS INFECTION AMONG HEALTHY ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) IN SOUTH INDIA.

2014-01-31 - Bethesda, United States. Stanton JJ, Nofs SA, Zachariah A, Kalaivannan N, Ling PD.

We used previously validated EEHV-specific quantitative real-time PCR assays to detect subclinical EEHV infection in three regionally distinct Asian elephant cohorts, totaling 46 in situ elephants in South India, during October and November 2011. Using DNA prepared from trunk washes, we detected EEHV1, EEHV3/4, and EEHV5 at frequencies of 7, 9, and 20% respectively. None of the trunk washes was positive for EEHV2 or 6. At least one EEHV species was detectable in 35% (16/46) of the samples that w...


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abstract

Albuquerque zoo"s elephant herd to expand

2013-08-10 - Albuquerque, United States.

Zookeepers say blood tests indicate that Rozie the elephant´s calf will likely be a girl. The window for her giving birth is between August and November, but keepers suspect the calf may come in mid-September. The BioPark´s elephant manager, Rhonda Saiers, says the zoo is excited about the potential of adding another female to the multigenerational herd. Still, there´s a chance the gender test could be wrong.


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20 years on Internet!

ELEPHANT NEWS was created on 2001 in Munich, and relaunched in Phnom Penh in 2020, with almost 8 000 links to news articles about elephants on the Internet

A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

In the right column, you can also see if an elephant has birthday today, and follow the link to more facts!

job

Experienced elephant keeper

2021-03-01 - Blackpool, United Kingdom.

With its new multi-million-pound elephant facility ‘Project Elephant Basecamp’ opened in 2018 award winning Blackpool Zoo is currently looking to fill a keeper position within its Elephant Section...


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zoo
Wendy the elephant lived at Bristol Zoo Gardens until 2002

Bristol Zoo to close

2021-02-28 - Bristol, United Kingdom.

Earlier this week, Bristol Zoo announced plans to turn its car park into housing. This came after the Bristol Zoological Society announced at the end of November the closure of its Clifton site, with ...


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research
Thermal camera in operation at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo

How 30,000 elephant "selfies" will help in conservation

2021-02-26 - Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

Zoo keepers have compiled the world's largest collection of thermal images of elephants. The pictures show elephants in every pose as they play, eat and hang out in their enclosure at ZSL Whipsnade Zo...


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conflict
Man was cleaning stables when he was hit by female, knocking his head against bars of enclosure

Elephant kills Spanish zookeeper with one hit from trunk.

2021-02-26 - Santander, Spain.

The female elephant weighing around 4,000kg (8,800lb) hit the 44-year-old with her trunk on Wednesday morning at the Cabarceno Natural Park near the northern city of Santander, the zoo said. The man w...


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welfare

Madras High Court calls for policy to prohibit future ownership of Elephants by private individuals, temples; seeks State response

2021-02-23 - Madras, India.

The Madras High Court on Tuesday opined that a uniform policy should be put in place to completely prohibit future ownership of elephants by individuals or temples and to bring all elephants under the...


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evolution

First million-year-old DNA extracted from Siberian mammoth teeth

2021-02-17 - Stockholm, Sweden.

For the first time, preserved DNA has been recovered from animal remains over a million years old. The DNA belonged to two mammoths that lived around 1.2 million years ago. “Instead of there being o...


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facility
 A view of the elephant training centre in Konni that houses the elephant museum. The museum will be opened on February 19.

Konni: Full-scale museum will showcase the unique relationship between humans, elephants

2021-02-09 - Pathanamthitta, India.

The building that houses the museum, which was originally opened in 2006 by displaying an elephant skeleton and implements associated with the training of captive elephants, was awaiting renovation fo...


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medical
‘Andal’ and ‘Premi’ from Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam

Elephants begin journey to Thekkampatti for 48-day retreat

2021-02-08 - Thekkampatti, India.

Elephants from temples across Tamil Nadu began to descend on Sunday morning for the 48-day jumbo retreat at Thekkampatti camp on the banks of river Bhavani in Coimbatore. A pet project of former Chief...


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Extern Link Read about Andal in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Thekkampatti elephant rejuvenation camp in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
birth

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve Invites People to Name Newborn Elephant, Announces ‘Surprise Gift’

2021-02-08 - Salukapur, India.

The calf was born on February 3, more than two years after 10 elephants were translocated from Karnataka to Dudhwa tiger reserve's South Sonaripur range. Teresa is the first cow to conceive after the ...


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Extern Link Read about notnamed in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Salukapur camp (Dudhwa National Park) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
research

Study suggests how elephants became big and cancer-resistant

2021-02-08 - Buffalo, United States.

Though many elephant relatives harbor extra copies of tumor-suppressor genes, the scientists found that elephant genomes possess some unique duplications that may contribute to tumor suppression throu...


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medical

Rajasthan Govt Orders Removal Of 20 Medically Unfit Elephants From Tourist Rides At Amer Fort

2021-02-08 - Jaipur , India.

The Rajasthan Government on Monday ordered the removal of 20 medically unfit elephants from tourist rides at Amer Fort in Jaipur. 3 elephants had tested positive for tuberculosis (TB), 11 elephants ha...


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Extern Link Read about Amer Fort elephant village in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
fossil

A Unique 125,000-Year-Old Elephant Fossil Found

2021-02-06 - Isle of Wight, United Kingdom.

Two brothers living in England and interested in fossil hunting as an amateur found a fossil on the beach of Isle of Wight. While this fossil is thought to be an elephant fossil dating back 125,000 ye...


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birth

Baby elephant born in North Sumatra"s Tangkahan CRU

2021-02-04 - Medan, Indonesia.

A 35-year-old elephant, named "Sari," gave birth to this female calf, weighing 69 kilograms and 108 centimeters in height, in the Tangkahan Conservation Response Unit (CRU), Mount Leuser National Park...


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Extern Link Read about Unnamed in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Tangkahan Conservation Response Unit (CRU) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation
The photo of Aameena trying to wake up her dead mother was a heart-wrenching sight for all.

Elephant calf found near dead mother befriends all at rehab home

2021-01-30 - Thiruvananthapuram, India.

Aameena, the wild elephant calf found near its deceased mother elephant at Kallar has been shifted to Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre. The calf calf easily got adjusted to her new home. The mot...


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Extern Link Read about Aameena in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conservation

Sri Lanka to conduct elephant census after 10 years

2021-01-26 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka’s Department of Wildlife Conservation will conduct an island-wide elephant census this year after a decade to determine the exact number of the animals in the country, local media reported...


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death

Last trumpet for Thula Thula’s Frankie

2021-01-26 - Empangeni, South Africa.

STAFF, medical teams and anti-poaching personnel at Thula Thula Private Game Reserve are mourning the passing of their beloved matriarch elephant, Frankie, one of seven elephants that arrived at the p...


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Extern Link Read about Frankie in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Thula Thula Private Game Reserve in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation

Horowpothana Holding Ground report: Search for missing elephants in July

2021-01-19 - Colombo, Sri Lanka. Pamodi Waravita

The Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWC) would be conducting an investigation at the Horowpothana Elephant Holding Ground (HEHG) in July this year on the circumstances claimed in the National Aud...


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Extern Link Read about Horowpothana Elephant Holding Ground (HEHG) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
film

Video of an Elephant Massaging a Woman with its Trunk Goes Viral

2021-01-18 - New Delhi, India.

In the video, one can clearly see the woman lying comfortably on a low bed as the elephant is standing near her and massaging her back. The video was shared by a Twitter user named Aamir on Saturday (...


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facility

During the pandemic, elephants take a break in Myanmar

2021-01-18 - Taikyi , Myanmar. ZON PANN PWINT

As beaches, hotels, pagodas and even walking tours were starved of tourists for most of last year, the pandemic has also taken its toll on the nation’s many elephant camps – which were once a popu...


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Extern Link Read about Mary in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Wingabaw Elephant Camp in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

WALSAPUGALA PROTEST DEMANDS ELEPHANT RESERVE GAZETTE

2021-01-18 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

On Monday (18) locals from Walsapugala, Hambantota decided to take to the streets demanding the Proposed Wild Elephant Management Reserve in Hambantota, be included in the government gazette. The Wals...


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