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abstract

Importance of old bulls: leaders and followers in collective movements of all-male groups in African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana)

2020-09-03 - Exeter, United Kingdom. Connie R. B. Allen, Lauren J. N. Brent, Thatayaone Motsentwa, Michael N. Weiss & Darren P. Croft

By analysing leadership patterns of all-male African savannah elephant traveling groups along elephant pathways in Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, Botswana, we found that the oldest males were more likely to lead collective movements. Our results challenge the assumption that older male elephants are redundant in the population and raise concerns over the biased removal of old bulls that currently occurs in both legal trophy hunting and illegal poaching.


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abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wild Asian Elephants, Southern India

2017-02-22 - Trichur, India.

We tested 3 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in southern India and confirmed infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an obligate human pathogen, by PCR and genetic sequencing. Our results indicate that tuberculosis may be spilling over from humans (reverse zoonosis) and emerging in wild elephants.


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abstract

Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples.

2017-01-28 - , United States. Magnuson RJ1, Linke LM2, Isaza R3, Salman MD2.

Ninety-nine clinical trunk wash samples obtained from 33 elephants were utilized to validate three molecular extraction techniques followed by a polymerase chain reaction for detection of M. tuberculosis. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were estimated compared to culture. Kappa coefficients were determined between molecular results and various culture categories and serological test results.


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abstract

Hereditary Factor VII Deficiency in the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Caused by a F7 Missense Mutation.

2017-01-24 - Pennsylvania, United States. Lynch M1, McGrath K2, Raj K3, McLaren P4, Payne K5, McCoy R4, Giger U3.

A wild-caught, 41-yr-old male Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus ) without an apparent increased bleeding tendency was consistently found to have prolonged prothrombin times (PTs, mean = 55±35 s) compared to 17 other elephants (PT=10±2 s). This elephant´s partial thromboplastin times (PTT) fell within the normal range of the other elephants (12-30 s). A prolonged PT in the presence of a normal PTT suggests disruption of the extrinsic pathway via deficiency of coagulation factor VII (FV...


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abstract

How elephants beat cancer

2016-10-31 - New Haven, United States. Gaughran SJ, Pless E, Stearns SC. Yale University

Elephants have significantly reduced their risk of cancer by duplicating an important gene called TP53.


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abstract

Behavioral changes in female Asian elephants when given access to an outdoor yard overnight.

2016-04-29 - New York, United States. Powell DM, Vitale C.

A study was conducted at the Bronx Zoo to determine whether providing elephants with access to an outdoor corral at night had any significant effects on behavior, use of space, and use of a sand corral. Activity budgets for three female Asian elephants were compared when the subjects were housed indoors overnight and when they were given access to an outdoor yard overnight. Observations were recorded via infrared video cameras between the hours of 1900 and 0700 during the months of July-Septembe...


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abstract

Blood Compatibility Testing in Asian Elephants Using an Indirect Antiglobulin Technique to Improve Captive Breeding Success. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

2015-11-17 - Chiang Mai, Thailand. Pakkanut Bansiddhi, Preeyanat Vongchan, Achiraya Satityuenyong, Khajohnpat Boonprasert, Sittidet Mahasawangkul, Ronnachit Roongsri, Janine L. Brown and Chatchote Thitaram

The aim of this study was to examine blood compatibility in Asian elephants using the indirect antiglobulin technique, for use as a breeding management tool to reduce the risk of elephant fetal loss. Forty-four blood samples collected from 22 female and 22 male elephants were subjected to standard tube cross-matching tests and examined for macroscopic and microscopic agglutination reactions.


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abstract

First Fatality Associated with Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 5 in an Asian Elephant: Pathological Findings and Complete Viral Genome Sequence

2014-09-10 - , United States. Wilkie, Davison, Kerr, Stidworthy, Redrobe, Steinbach, Dastjerdi, Denk

Here, we report the pathological characteristics of the first fatality linked to EEHV5 infection, and describe the complete viral DNA sequence. Gross post-mortem and histological findings were indistinguishable from lethal cases previously attributed to other EEHV genotypes, and the presence of characteristic herpesviral inclusions in capillary endothelial cells at several sites was consistent with the diagnosis of acute EEHV infection.


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abstract

DETECTION OF ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS INFECTION AMONG HEALTHY ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) IN SOUTH INDIA.

2014-01-31 - Bethesda, United States. Stanton JJ, Nofs SA, Zachariah A, Kalaivannan N, Ling PD.

We used previously validated EEHV-specific quantitative real-time PCR assays to detect subclinical EEHV infection in three regionally distinct Asian elephant cohorts, totaling 46 in situ elephants in South India, during October and November 2011. Using DNA prepared from trunk washes, we detected EEHV1, EEHV3/4, and EEHV5 at frequencies of 7, 9, and 20% respectively. None of the trunk washes was positive for EEHV2 or 6. At least one EEHV species was detectable in 35% (16/46) of the samples that w...


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abstract

Albuquerque zoo"s elephant herd to expand

2013-08-10 - Albuquerque, United States.

Zookeepers say blood tests indicate that Rozie the elephant´s calf will likely be a girl. The window for her giving birth is between August and November, but keepers suspect the calf may come in mid-September. The BioPark´s elephant manager, Rhonda Saiers, says the zoo is excited about the potential of adding another female to the multigenerational herd. Still, there´s a chance the gender test could be wrong.


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20 years on Internet!

ELEPHANT NEWS was created on 2001 in Munich, and relaunched in Phnom Penh in 2020, with almost 8 000 links to news articles about elephants on the Internet

A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

In the right column, you can also see if an elephant has birthday today, and follow the link to more facts!

event

Rosamond Gifford Zoo holds naming competition for baby twin elephants born last month

2022-11-29 - Syracuse, United States. CNYCentral

The Onondaga County Executive Office has announced details of a naming competition for the rare twin elephants born earlier this year. Members of the community are encouraged to vote on names for the ...


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illegal wildlife trade

Ugandan ivory trader sentenced to life in prison

2022-10-21 - Kampala, Uganda.

A Ugandan court has sentenced an ivory trader to life in prison - the longest sentence for such crimes in the country's history. A new law was passed in 2019 that toughened sentences for poaching or t...


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medical

Albuquerque Biological Park Zoo elephant in danger of losing an eye

2022-10-17 - Albuquerque, United States.

Zoo veterinary staff have known for years that Irene suffers from lens luxation, a condition in which the lens in the eye is dislocated from its normal position, causing discomfort and blurry vision, ...


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Extern Link Read about Irene in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Albuquerque Biological Park in the Elephant Database
conflict

In Vietnam, farmers show a willingness to work with the elephant in the room

It’s estimated there are only around 100 Asian elephants remaining in Vietnam. Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve is one of four locations identified as key to their survival in the country.

2022-09-30 - Dong Nai, Vietnam.

Solving human-wildlife conflict is a complex issue and a pressing concern for a wide variety of endangered species, none more so than the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). People living around Vietnam...


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Extern Link Read about Dong Nai province in the Elephant Database
birth

Third baby elephant of the year born at Pattaya garden

2022-09-29 - Pattaya, Thailand.

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The third baby elephant of the year has been born at a botanical garden in Pattaya. The Nong Nooch Gardens Pattaya welcomed the new little member, named “Ply Poa Jai” wi...


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Extern Link Read about Plai Bua Jay in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Nong Nooch Tropical Gardens in the Elephant Database
death

Iconic elephant ‘Bandula’ dies at Dehiwala Zoo

2022-09-23 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

‘Bandula’, the elephant found at the National Zoological Garden in Dehiwala is reported to have passed away today. According to reports, the elephant had suddenly fallen ill and had collapsed twic...


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Extern Link Read about Bandula in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo) in the Elephant Database
birth

Nepal: Koshi Tappu, CNP welcome baby elephant same day

2022-08-29 - Katmandu, Nepal.

The elephant named Loktantra Kali at the Koshi Tappu gave birth to a female calf while Saraswoti Kali at the CNP delivered a male calf on Sunday. Nepal is presently home to around 225 indigenous eleph...


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Extern Link Read about Loktantra Kali in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Sauraha elephant breeding centre in the Elephant Database
zoo

Vietnam strives to conserve elephants

2022-08-21 - Hanoi, Vietnam.

A national action plan on elephant conservation in Vietnam for 2023-2032 with a vision for 2050 is being developed. According to the summary report of the General Department of Forestry, the number of...


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conflict

Elephant owner and elephant killed by landmine explosion at the border of Sagaing Region and Kachin State

Sheldon Hooper, 27, was charged and killed by a large elephant at a safari park

2022-08-21 - Indawgyi, Myanmar.

The owner of the elephant and the elephant were killed when a landmine exploded at the border of Sagaing Region and Kachin State on August 15 according to sources. They stepped on the landmine when a ...


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poaching

Notorious poacher who trafficked in ivory, rhino horns jailed five years

2022-08-20 - Toronto, Canada.

Moazu Kromah, 49, made millions of dollars poaching and trafficking elephant tusks and rhino horns from endangered animals and was ordered caged Thursday in New York. Kromah and two confederates were ...


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conflict

Elephant in Thailand rips keeper in half after being overworked in hot weather

2022-08-20 - Khuekkhak, Thailand. Lean Jinghui

An elephant in Thailand has reportedly ripped its mahout (elephant rider or keeper) in half after being overworked. According to The Thaiger, the incident happened at a rubber plantation in the Phang ...


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Extern Link Read about Pom Pam in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Khao Lak Elephant Home in the Elephant Database
conflict

India sees more deadly elephant attacks as habitats shrink

2022-08-19 - New Delhi, India.

Elephant-human conflicts have been on the rise in India as a result of habitat loss, and experts say such conflicts could get worse unless forested areas are protected and migration corridors restored...


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event

Howdah elephant Abhimanyu starts carrying 300-kg sand bags

2022-08-18 - Mysore, India.

A week after embarking on a practice walk on Jamboo Savari route, howdah elephant Abhimanyu entered the second phase of training on Thursday. The 300-kg sand bags were mounted on Abhimanyu after perfo...


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Extern Link Read about Abhimanyu in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Mathigodu elephant Camp in the Elephant Database
medical

Karachi elephants to receive German dental treatment

2022-08-16 - Karachi, Pakistan.

Global organisation, Four Paws have sent their veterinarian doctors to Karachi for the treatment of elephants. The team of four doctors have arrived in Pakistan to treat four female elephants- two of ...


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Extern Link Read about Noor Jahan in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Karachi Zoo in the Elephant Database
event

Andhra Pradesh: ‘Kumkis’ add a dash of grandeur to I-Day celebrations in Chittoor - Jayanth and Vinayak served the Forest Department for more than two decades

Forest staff performing puja to kumkis Jayanth and Vinayak at Naniyala camp at Ramakuppam in Chittoor district.

2022-08-15 - Chittoor, India.

Jayanth (65) and Vinayak (52) are kumkis (trained elephants), faithfully serving the Forest Department in Chittoor district for more than two decades. Housed at the Naniyala forest camp in the Koundin...


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Extern Link Read about Jayanth in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Naniyala elephant camp in the Elephant Database
people

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve mahouts will now record their experiences to help understand elephants better

2022-08-14 - Lakhimpur Kheri, India.

Chief conservator of forests and field director, Sanjay Kumar Pathak has decided to document the experiences of these veteran mahouts so that not only the park authorities but other mahouts also benef...


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Extern Link Read about Dudhwa elephant base camp in the Elephant Database
fossil

Mastodon bones discovered during West Michigan road project work

2022-08-12 - Grand Rapids, United States.

Several people are working to unearth mastodon bones in a West Michigan field after they were discovered during a road construction project. The bones are expected to be donated to the Grand Rapids Pu...


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Extern Link Read about Clapp Family Mastodon in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Grand Rapids Public Museum in the Elephant Database
people

Meet the mahouts at Theppakadu camp in Mudumalai who have transformed the lives of their elephants

Wasim, the star kumki, with his mahout Eswaran

2022-08-11 - Theppakadu, India.

Wasim’s trunk pauses midair as he reaches for a bamboo shoot. His mahout, M Eswaran, calls out a command from a distance and in a split second, the elephant changes course. The shoot is far from his...


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Extern Link Read about Wasim in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp in the Elephant Database
birth

Myanmar: Elephant gives birth to rare white calf in Rhakine

2022-08-08 - Rhakine, Myanmar. Team Udayadani

A rare white elephant took birth in western Myanmar. The white elephant was born last month in western Rakhine state and currently weighs 180 pounds (80 kilograms) and its height is 2.5 feet (70 centi...


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Extern Link Read about Unknown in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Rakhine Myanmar Timber Enterprise (MTE) elephant camp in the Elephant Database
facility

A haven for retired elephants

Visitors up close with the elephants.

2022-07-18 - Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Travelling north from Siem Reap city on National Road 64 for about 90 minutes you will reach a wooden bridge that will take you to the headquarters of the Kulen Elephant Forest Sanctuary, the home of ...


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Extern Link Read about Chi Chlorb in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Kulen Elephant Forest in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Dan Koehl in the Elephant Database


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Elephant News

ELEPHANT NEWS

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