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abstract

Importance of old bulls: leaders and followers in collective movements of all-male groups in African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana)

2020-09-03 - Exeter, United Kingdom. Connie R. B. Allen, Lauren J. N. Brent, Thatayaone Motsentwa, Michael N. Weiss & Darren P. Croft

By analysing leadership patterns of all-male African savannah elephant traveling groups along elephant pathways in Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, Botswana, we found that the oldest males were more likely to lead collective movements. Our results challenge the assumption that older male elephants are redundant in the population and raise concerns over the biased removal of old bulls that currently occurs in both legal trophy hunting and illegal poaching.


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abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Wild Asian Elephants, Southern India

2017-02-22 - Trichur, India.

We tested 3 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in southern India and confirmed infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an obligate human pathogen, by PCR and genetic sequencing. Our results indicate that tuberculosis may be spilling over from humans (reverse zoonosis) and emerging in wild elephants.


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abstract

Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples.

2017-01-28 - , United States. Magnuson RJ1, Linke LM2, Isaza R3, Salman MD2.

Ninety-nine clinical trunk wash samples obtained from 33 elephants were utilized to validate three molecular extraction techniques followed by a polymerase chain reaction for detection of M. tuberculosis. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were estimated compared to culture. Kappa coefficients were determined between molecular results and various culture categories and serological test results.


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abstract

Hereditary Factor VII Deficiency in the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Caused by a F7 Missense Mutation.

2017-01-24 - Pennsylvania, United States. Lynch M1, McGrath K2, Raj K3, McLaren P4, Payne K5, McCoy R4, Giger U3.

A wild-caught, 41-yr-old male Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus ) without an apparent increased bleeding tendency was consistently found to have prolonged prothrombin times (PTs, mean = 55±35 s) compared to 17 other elephants (PT=10±2 s). This elephant´s partial thromboplastin times (PTT) fell within the normal range of the other elephants (12-30 s). A prolonged PT in the presence of a normal PTT suggests disruption of the extrinsic pathway via deficiency of coagulation factor VII (FV...


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abstract

How elephants beat cancer

2016-10-31 - New Haven, United States. Gaughran SJ, Pless E, Stearns SC. Yale University

Elephants have significantly reduced their risk of cancer by duplicating an important gene called TP53.


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abstract

Behavioral changes in female Asian elephants when given access to an outdoor yard overnight.

2016-04-29 - New York, United States. Powell DM, Vitale C.

A study was conducted at the Bronx Zoo to determine whether providing elephants with access to an outdoor corral at night had any significant effects on behavior, use of space, and use of a sand corral. Activity budgets for three female Asian elephants were compared when the subjects were housed indoors overnight and when they were given access to an outdoor yard overnight. Observations were recorded via infrared video cameras between the hours of 1900 and 0700 during the months of July-Septembe...


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abstract

Blood Compatibility Testing in Asian Elephants Using an Indirect Antiglobulin Technique to Improve Captive Breeding Success. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

2015-11-17 - Chiang Mai, Thailand. Pakkanut Bansiddhi, Preeyanat Vongchan, Achiraya Satityuenyong, Khajohnpat Boonprasert, Sittidet Mahasawangkul, Ronnachit Roongsri, Janine L. Brown and Chatchote Thitaram

The aim of this study was to examine blood compatibility in Asian elephants using the indirect antiglobulin technique, for use as a breeding management tool to reduce the risk of elephant fetal loss. Forty-four blood samples collected from 22 female and 22 male elephants were subjected to standard tube cross-matching tests and examined for macroscopic and microscopic agglutination reactions.


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abstract

First Fatality Associated with Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus 5 in an Asian Elephant: Pathological Findings and Complete Viral Genome Sequence

2014-09-10 - , United States. Wilkie, Davison, Kerr, Stidworthy, Redrobe, Steinbach, Dastjerdi, Denk

Here, we report the pathological characteristics of the first fatality linked to EEHV5 infection, and describe the complete viral DNA sequence. Gross post-mortem and histological findings were indistinguishable from lethal cases previously attributed to other EEHV genotypes, and the presence of characteristic herpesviral inclusions in capillary endothelial cells at several sites was consistent with the diagnosis of acute EEHV infection.


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abstract

DETECTION OF ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS INFECTION AMONG HEALTHY ASIAN ELEPHANTS (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) IN SOUTH INDIA.

2014-01-31 - Bethesda, United States. Stanton JJ, Nofs SA, Zachariah A, Kalaivannan N, Ling PD.

We used previously validated EEHV-specific quantitative real-time PCR assays to detect subclinical EEHV infection in three regionally distinct Asian elephant cohorts, totaling 46 in situ elephants in South India, during October and November 2011. Using DNA prepared from trunk washes, we detected EEHV1, EEHV3/4, and EEHV5 at frequencies of 7, 9, and 20% respectively. None of the trunk washes was positive for EEHV2 or 6. At least one EEHV species was detectable in 35% (16/46) of the samples that w...


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abstract

Albuquerque zoo"s elephant herd to expand

2013-08-10 - Albuquerque, United States.

Zookeepers say blood tests indicate that Rozie the elephant´s calf will likely be a girl. The window for her giving birth is between August and November, but keepers suspect the calf may come in mid-September. The BioPark´s elephant manager, Rhonda Saiers, says the zoo is excited about the potential of adding another female to the multigenerational herd. Still, there´s a chance the gender test could be wrong.


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20 years on Internet!

ELEPHANT NEWS was created on 2001 in Munich, and relaunched in Phnom Penh in 2020, with almost 8 000 links to news articles about elephants on the Internet

A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

In the right column, you can also see if an elephant has birthday today, and follow the link to more facts!

death

Second oldest camp elephant dies in Tamil Nadu

2022-04-27 - Pollachi, India.

Vijayalakshmi, the second oldest camp elephant of the Tamil forest department, died at the age of 71 in the Kozhikamuthi elephant camp in the Anaimalai Tiger Reserve (ATR) on Wednesday afternoon. The ...


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Extern Link Read about Vijayalaksmi in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Top Slip Kozhikkamuthy Elephant camp (Annaimalai) in the Elephant Database
conference

3rd Asian Elephant Range States Meeting to be held in Nepal

2022-04-27 - Kathmandu, Nepal.

The 3rd Asian Elephant Range States Meeting (AsERSM) will be held in Nepal from April 27. The sole purpose of the meeting is to secure the future of Asian elephants. Delegates from all 13 Asian Elepha...


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zoo

Coming Up Trunks: Elephant Superstud Shows Off His Strength

2022-04-25 - Basel, Switzerland.

African bull elephant Tusker, who sired 13 calves at his previous zoo homes, has become a star attraction at Switzerland's Basel Zoo; not for fatherhood, but for his baffling skills in balancing huge ...


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Extern Link Read about Tusker in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Basel Zoo in the Elephant Database
film

Jawed Karim Posted the First-Ever video on YouTube 17 years ago

2022-04-25 - San Diego, United States.

On 24th April, 17 years ago, a 25-year-old man named Jawed Karim posted the first-ever video on YouTube, launching a service that has since grown to become the go-to hub for video streaming. The low-r...


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Extern Link Read about San Diego Zoo in the Elephant Database
death

Two male elephants from a well-known wildlife sanctuary in Hazyview die while under sedation

2022-04-25 - Nelspruit, South Africa.

Two elephants, Kasper and Kitso, died while under sedation during relocation efforts from the Lowveld to Kleinmond Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) in the Western Cape on April 23. According to the owner and ...


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Extern Link Read about Kasper in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Elephant Sanctuary Hazyview in the Elephant Database
misc

No, Viral Video Does Not Show Muslim Man Attempting To Feed Meat To Elephant

2022-04-22 - Malappuram, India.

The viral video was shared with the claim that the Muslim man from Kerela attempted to provide the elephant with meat to consume. Social media users mocking alleged that it was an attempt to convert t...


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Extern Link Read about Kolakkadan Mini in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Abdul Nassar Kolakkadan in the Elephant Database
misc

Twin elephant calves born in Bandipur saved from drowning moments after birth

2022-04-21 - , India.

Ramesh Kumar, Director, Bandipur Tiger Reserve, said a few tourists on a safari and staff saw a pregnant elephant near the old reception centre. As the safari van waited, the elephant heaved itself an...


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conservation

UP: Dudhwa to get own elephant reserve

2022-04-17 - , India.

Dudhwa would soon have its own dedicated elephant reserve named as Terai Elephant Reserve (TER). The proposed Terai Elephant Reserve in Dudhwa would comprise Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (800 sq kms), Dudhw...


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medical

Experts begin treatment of aged elephant at ATR camp

2022-04-17 - , India.

Four veterinary experts have started treatment of Vijayalakshmi, a 72-year-old female elephant housed at the Kozhikamuthi elephant camp in the Anamalai Tiger Reserve, which has been suffering from dig...


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Extern Link Read about Vijayalaksmi in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Top Slip Kozhikkamuthy Elephant camp in the Elephant Database
conservation

Adjustments to elephant conservation plan approved

2022-04-16 - , Vietnam.

Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh has approved adjustments to an elephant conservation plan in Vietnam that was previously signed off for 2013-2020. Under the decision, the scheme will be implemented...


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film

Elephant Keeper

2022-04-16 - Austin, United States.

Austin, Texas-based activist filmmaker Kate Kirby’s documentary explores the relationship between a mahout and the 60-year-old elephant he tends at a Laotian elephant conservation center.


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Extern Link Read about Laos Elephant Conservation Centre (ECC) in the Elephant Database
facility

More escort elephants must not be allowed at temple festivals: High Court

2022-04-15 - Kochi, India.

The High Court has directed that the government\'s order not to allow more escort elephants than existing ones must be complied with in festivals and other functions at temples under the Travancore De...


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Extern Link Read about Ambalappuzha Vijayakrishnan in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Travancore Devaswom Board (TDB) in the Elephant Database
conflict

elephant handler is grabbed by the scruff of the neck and forced to kneel at an elephant’s feet after repeatedly beating the animal in the head with a sharp hook in Thailand

2022-04-14 - Ayutthaya, Thailand.

The keeper Peerapat, 18, pierced Chan's thick leathery skin with the bullhook and caused the elephant so much pain that his legs collapsed. Chan Chao is now being treated by local vets with deep cuts ...


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Extern Link Read about Ayutthaya Royal Elephant Kraal in the Elephant Database
relocation

Botswana to translocate 500 elephants to Mozambique

2022-04-14 - Gaborone, Botswana.

Two years after pledging 500 elephants to Mozambique as a gift, Botswana says the animals are set to be translocated in the near future. This was revealed by President Mokgweetsi Masisi during a three...


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Extern Link Read about Gorongosa National Park in the Elephant Database
relocation

Belfast Zoo elephants set to be rehomed at new facility

2022-04-13 - Belfast, United Kingdom.

Two much loved elephants at Belfast Zoo are to leave for a new home the City Council has confirmed on Wednesday. Asian elephants Dunja and Yheeto – both in their 40s - are among the largest resident...


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Extern Link Read about Belfast Zoo in the Elephant Database
conflict

Elephant kills Colombian researcher in Uganda

2022-04-12 - Fort Portal, Uganda.

A Colombian researcher has died after being trampled on by an elephant in Uganda's Kibale National Park. Ramirez Amaya Sebastian, who is based at a university in the US, had been carrying out a routin...


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Extern Link Read about Kibale_National_Park in the Elephant Database
conflict

Elephant tramples mahout to death in Thiruvananthapuram

2022-04-11 - Thiruvananthapuram, India.

A mahout was trampled to death by an elephant that ran amok on Monday at Mukkukada near Navayikkulam in Kerala's Thiruvananthapuram district. Unni, a native of Vellannoor, was killed by the elephant w...


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conflict

Accident in Prague Zoo"s "Elephant Valley" seriously injures breeder

2022-04-11 - Prague, Czech Republic. Raymond Johnston

A Prague Zoo employee was injured by an elephant over the weekend. The 31-year-old zoo employee had to be taken to the hospital for injuries to her pelvis, chest, and arm. The incident took place earl...


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Extern Link Read about Tamara in the Elephant Database
Extern Link Read about Prague Zoo in the Elephant Database
conservation

Elephant count in Tamil Nadu rose by 800 in five years

2022-04-10 - COIMBATORE, India.

xperts from the Forest College and Research Institute in Mettupalayam have told a committee constituted to probe the reasons for the death of wild elephants, especially young ones, over the past year ...


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film

A film on Malasar tribes of Anamalai

2022-04-08 - Pollachi, India.

Malasar, a six-minute conservation film, narrated by actor Nasser, shows not just the sacred bond between elephants and the Malasar tribes of the Anamalai Hills but also the need to protect the tribes...


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Extern Link Read about Top Slip Kozhikkamuthy Elephant camp (Annaimalai) in the Elephant Database


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Elephant News

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