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evolution

2021-06-23 - Palermo, Italy.

A team of UK and international scientists has confirmed that one of the largest land mammals that ever lived lost 8,000kg to evolve into a now-extinct species of dwarf elephant. In addition, the animal that once lived an isolated existence on the Italian island of Sicily also reduced in height by two metres to create a remarkable transformation.

According to information released by the University of York in the UK, the Sicilian dwarf elephant – thought to have become extinct abo...


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evolution

First million-year-old DNA extracted from Siberian mammoth teeth

2021-02-17 - Stockholm, Sweden.

For the first time, preserved DNA has been recovered from animal remains over a million years old. The DNA belonged to two mammoths that lived around 1.2 million years ago. “Instead of there being one species [or lineage] of mammoth up in Siberia around 1-2 million years ago, it now looks like there are two,” says Love Dalén at the Centre for Palaeogenetics in Stockholm, Sweden. The genetic sequences change our understanding of mammoth evolution. They reveal that, at that time, Siberia was ...


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evolution

Why do elephants and tigers still roam in India? Study offers clues

2020-12-08 - Delhi, India.

Tropical Asia and Africa are the only regions on Earth that retain diverse populations of large, land-dwelling mammals, such as elephants, rhinos, and big cats. A new study co-authored by Yale researcher Advait M. Jukar suggests that the persistence of mammalian megafauna in the Indian Subcontinent is related to the great beasts’ long coexistence there with homo sapiens and other human ancestors.


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evolution
Reviving extinct animals like the woolly mammoth could divert funds away from protecting living species, some scientists say.

Reviving Extinct Species: Is It Worth the Cost?

2017-02-27 - , United States.

A new study of de-extinction — the potential to use genetic techniques to recreate lost animals and plants — finds that given limited conservation dollars, the benefits of bringing back one lost species would probably cost the extinction of more species that are currently on the brink. For example


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evolution

DNA proves mammoths mated beyond species boundaries

2016-04-23 - Hamilton, Canada.

Several species of mammoth are thought to have roamed across the North American continent. A new study in the open-access journal Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, provides DNA evidence to show that these mammoths, which should only mate within their species boundaries, were in fact likely to be interbreeding.


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evolution

Alarm over elephant inbreeding in Sabah

2016-02-26 - Kota Kinabalu , Malaysia.

Experts believe that the state’s 2,500 Bornean elephants were at risk of inbreeding in fragmented areas of its jungles as they are unable to meet elephants from other parts to mate and strengthen their gene pool.


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evolution
The European mammoth species, Mammuthus meridionalis, likely never made it to North America, a new study finds.

North American Mammoths Actually Evolved in Eurasia

2015-11-13 - London, United Kingdom.

The famous Columbian mammoth — an 11-ton creature known for traversing North America during the last ice age — might actually be the same species as the Eurasian steppe mammoth, said study co-researcher Adrian Lister, a research leader of paleontology at the Natural History Museum in London. The discovery suggests that the first mammoth to enter North America was the Eurasian steppe mammoth, and not its ancestor, a European creature called Mammuthus meridionalis.


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evolution
The brain of Yuka was very well preserved, and we could compare it to the brain of an African elephant

The extinct woolly mammoth was as smart as African elephant, says pioneering new brain analysis

2015-11-12 - Yakutia, Russian Federation.

Elephants are famed for their intelligence, and now it seems likely that the long-gone woolly mammoths were just as clever. Scientists from Russia and South Africa combined to undertake the first-ever comparison between the brains of the two creatures, using remains of adolescent Yuka, found five years ago close to the Laptev Sea in the Ust-Yansky district of the Sakha Republic, also known as Yakutia.


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evolution
By drilling into mammoth tusks and other remains, researchers now have the the extinct creatures

Mammoth genome sequence completed

2015-04-23 - Stockholm, Sweden. Pallab Ghosh

A US team is already attempting to study the animals´ characteristics by inserting mammoth genes into elephant stem cells. The new genome study has been published in the Journal Current Biology, Dr Love Dalén at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm told BBC


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evolution
Researchers analyzed tissues from 88 bone, tooth, and tusk samples to add to the existing genetic data set of woolly mammoths.

New Woolly Mammoth Lineage Discovered

2013-09-11 - Stockholm, Sweden. Laura Poppick

A previously unknown European lineage of woolly mammoths once plodded Earth, suggest new DNA analyses, which also provide new evidence for the role of climate change in the animal´s ultimate extinction. a team of researchers based at the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm has analyzed a suite of 88 new DNA samples from woolly mammoth museum specimens ranging from Europe to North America.


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ELEPHANT NEWS was created on 2001 in Munich, and relaunched in Phnom Penh in 2020, with almost 8 000 links to news articles about elephants on the Internet

A number of articles now also have a cross reference to the elephant database, either for individuals elephants and/or to an article about the location holding

In the right column, you can also see if an elephant has birthday today, and follow the link to more facts!

website

Elephant Glossary and Encyclopedia is renovated!

2021-10-18 - Banlung, Cambodia. Dan Koehl

The Elephant Glossary, started back in 1995, has been repaired, recovered and developed, now with almost 200 terms. They can all be viewed by Alphabetical order, or by Category, and the numbers of ch...


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conservation

Keonjhar sees rising elephant deaths

2021-10-08 - Bubaneshwar, India.

Elephants death toll has risen in Keonjhar forest division over the last one year. Sources revealed that when Santosh Joshi was the DFO from 2017 to 2020, 24 elephants had died in Keonjhar forest di...


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welfare
Elephants at BEC were found to be just "skin and bones" after the coronavirus pandemic forced the park to close

"Just skin and bones": Bali elephants left to starve

2021-10-07 - Petang, Indonesia. Al Jazeera Staff

Bali Elephant Camp (BEC), a safari-style park, north of Ubud, Indonesia, left more than a dozen elephants to starve, and staff without pay after plummeting ticket sales forced it to close when COVID-1...


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Extern Link Read about Bali Elephant Camp (BEC) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

COPA presents its Second Report containing information on 16 investigations to parliament

2021-10-06 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

The Second Report of the Committee on Public Accounts (COPA) for the First Session of the Ninth Parliament was presented to Parliament today (06) by its chairman, (Prof). Tissa Vitharana, Parliament C...


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Facts about elephants in Sri Lanka
blog

Is there any risks when Zoos have Facebook pages?

2021-10-03 - Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Dan Koehl

Lately, I have noticed that Zoos Facebook Pages slowly more and more are taking over Zoos educational role. The latest example is about the elephant Mala in Parc Paradisio. Mala has colic, and hundred...


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Extern Link Read about Mala in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
death
Gange attracted elephants during khedda operations. Credit: DH File Photo

Elephant dies at Sakrebailu camp

2021-09-27 - Shivamogga, India. DHNS, Shivamogga

Gange, a female elephant used for khedda operations, died at the Sakrebailu camp in the district on Sunday. "The elephant was not well for the past two years. The condition worsened fifteen days ago. ...


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Extern Link Read about Gange in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Sakrebyle elephant camp (Sacrebyle, Sakrebail) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation

10,000-pound elephant calls Attapulgus home as it moves into South Georgia refuge

2021-09-23 - Attapulgus, United States.

It’s a big day for South Georgia. Bo, a 10,000-pound elephant moved into his new home thanks to Elephant Aid International and George Carden, the person giving Bo a new life. He's the owner of Georg...


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Extern Link Read about Bo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Elephant Refuge North America (ERNA) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
relocation

NEW ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM IN WINSTON

2021-09-16 - Winston, United Kingdom. Brooke Communications

43-year old African elephant Butch, who is over ten-foot-tall, is the newest animal to call the game park in Winston home. Marketing Director Jacob Schlueter said Butch came from another facility wher...


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Extern Link Read about Butch (Mickey) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Winston Wildlife Safari in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
zoo
Ishini Wickremesinghe is the daughter of Shan Wickramasinghe, the brother of former Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe

Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens DG resigned over elephant issue: Union

2021-09-09 - Colombo, Sri Lanka. Pamodi Waravita and Ruwani Fonseka

The Sri Lanka Podujana National Zoological Gardens Department Workers’ Union yesterday (9) claimed that National Zoological Gardens Department Director General (DG) Ishini Wickremesinghe has resigne...


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Extern Link Read about Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

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Ishini Wickremesinghe resigns as National Zoo DG
relocation

South Georgia elephant sanctuary welcomes first resident

2021-09-09 - Attapulgus, United States.

Elephant Refuge North America, an 850-acre natural habitat located in Attapulgus, Georgia, plans to accept its first resident later this month. Bo, a 34-year-old male elephant, is being released by th...


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Extern Link Read about Bo (Joe, Kalanan) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about George Carden Circus International in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)

Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Elephant Refuge North America (ERNA, Carol Buckley)
birth

Twin elephant calves born at Pinnawala

2021-08-31 - Kegalle, Sri Lanka.

For the first time in Sri Lanka's history, twin baby elephants have been born at the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage. The twin calves were born to female elephant named 'Surangi'. Both calves are male. T...


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Extern Link Read about Surangie (Suranganee) in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Pinnawala elephant orphanage in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
welfare
A Sri Lankan Buddhist monk anoints a temple elephant as a part ritual marking the New Year as per traditions at a temple in Colombo on April 17, 2021.

Sri Lanka prohibits handlers from drunk driving on elephants, bans putting baby elephants to work

2021-08-23 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Under the new regulations, logging elephants can only work up to four hours a day, while working at night is forbidden. They are also entitled to at least two-and-a-half hours of bathing time each day...


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conservation

Adult tuskers fast disappearing in Odisha: Male elephants account for 18% of total population

2021-08-14 - Bhubaneswar, India.

With the large scale poaching of tuskers over the years, the gender imbalance is fast emerging as a major threat to the elephant population growth in Odisha with the drastic drop in the numbers of adu...


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medical

‘We are hopeful’: Cora the elephant’s health is improving after end-of-life options considered

2021-08-13 - Topeka, United States.

Cora the elephant is improving after concerns over her health had the Topeka Zoo considering end-of-life options. Shanna Simpson, an animal curator at the zoo, said Cora wasn’t eating, had a lot of ...


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Extern Link Read about Cora in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Topeka Zoo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
conflict

Human-elephant conflict continues to take heavy toll; 219 jumbos and 89 people so far this year

2021-08-12 - Colombo, Sri Lanka.

The Department of Wildlife Conservation has recorded 219 jumbo deaths up to August 11 this year mainly from human-elephant conflict. During the same period, 89 people were killed in elephant attacks. ...


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medical

Another jumbo dies of anthrax in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve?

2021-08-12 - COIMBATORE, India.

An elephant, which was found dead at Mangalapatti near Thengumaradha in Nilgiris district.on Tuesday, may have died of anthrax, according to the forest department.


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conservation

Scientific approach, local involvement must for conservation: Minister

2021-08-12 - New Delhi, India.

Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Bhupender Yadav on Thursday said that nature conservation should be taken up with a scientific approach involving the local commun...


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Extern relevant Links (external link which opens in new window):
Facts about elephants in India
event

Hyderabad: Elephant from Kolhapur to carry Bibi ka Alam

2021-08-12 - Hyderabad, India.

An elephant, Madhuri aged 38 years from Kolhapur will be used to carry the Bibi ka Alam standard during the procession on the 10 of Muharram month scheduled next Friday. The costs involved in bringing...


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Extern Link Read about Madhuri in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Swastishri Jinsen Bhattarak Pattachary Mahaswamy in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
medical

Wild elephant tests positive for herpes virus in Odisha forest

2021-08-11 - Bhubaneswar, India.

In 2019, five elephants had died within 33 days in Odisha after testing positive for herpes


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wild
Apparently proving the saying that old habits die hard, Rivaldo, an elephant recently released into the wild in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) in Nilgiris district returned to Mavanallah near his old habitat.

Elephant Rivaldo released into Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, returns to village

2021-08-06 - Udhagamandalam, India.

The villagers reportedly noticed Rivaldo moving around their area in the wee hours of Wednesday, about 40 kms from the camp and alerted the forest department officials.Though the elephant was radio-co...


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Extern Link Read about Rivaldo in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)
Extern Link Read about Mudumalai National Park in the Elephant Database (external link which opens in new window)


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